2020 National Historic Vehicle Register Inductees

2020 National Historic Vehicle Register Inductees

No. 27: 1921 Duesenberg Straight Eight
(Castle Duesenberg)

2020 marks the 100th anniversary of the famed Duesenberg Automobile and Motors Company, Inc. Engineers and race car builders, August and Fred Duesenberg launched the company with their Straight Eight – later known as the Model A. Built in Indianapolis, IN, the Duesenberg brand would become synonymous with absolute automotive excellence, opulence, and engineering.

The company’s first ever production car was custom ordered by the Hawaiian industrialist Samuel Northrup Castle in 1919.  After delayed production, he took possession in 1921 and would become the first owner of a Duesenberg passenger car.

Featuring custom coachwork by the Bender Body Company of Cleveland, Ohio this vehicle’s ultra-spacious interior was produced specifically for Mr. Castle’s seven-foot-tall stature. A host of mechanical advances for the time included four-wheel hydraulic brakes and the industry’s first overhead cam straight-eight-cylinder passenger car engine.

The Castle Duesenberg remained in Samuel Castle’s possession until his death in 1959 when ownership was transferred to his nephew, James Christian Castle, and the car was transported to San Francisco and placed into storage. James C. Castle Jr. (Chris), and his wife CyrAnn became owners of the car in 1994. In 2010 the couple commissioned an intensive 10,000-hour frame-off restoration of the car to its 1920s splendor. The 1921 Duesenberg Straight Eight remained in the Castle family for virtually 100 years until the decision was made in to entrust the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum with its future stewardship.

“This gift to the museum is one of the most significant donations to the collection in the 46-year history of the museum,” states Brandon J. Anderson, Executive Director & CEO of the Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Museum.  “To have the Castle Duesenberg placed on the HVA’s National Historic Vehicle Register means the story of this iconic vehicle will continue to be shared for hundreds of years to come.”

No. 28: 1970 Dodge Challenger RT S/E
(Qualls Family)

Completely unrestored, save a few maintenance items, this Challenger has just over 45K original miles. Combined with its unique preserved state, fascinating Detroit story and desirable option configuration, it is among the most coveted cars from the era of horsepower and muscle.

In 1969, 27-year-old, combat veteran, Purple Heart recipient and Detroit Police Officer, Godfrey Qualls special ordered this 1970 Dodge Challenger R/T SE. Qualls checked virtually every option when configuring his ultimate muscle car; 426 HEMI engine, the “Super Track Pak” featuring a four-speed manual transmission with a floor mounted Hurst pistol grip shifter, Dana 60 rear-end with 4.10 gears and Sure-Grip differential, the SE or “Special Edition” trim and interior package, “bumble bee” white stripe on the tail, hood pins, houndstooth interior and a gator grain black vinyl top.  It is one of just 23 four-speed Hemi R/T SE Challengers built in the model’s debut year and is likely the only Challenger with this unique configuration of performance and trim options.

Qualls took delivery of the high-performance one of a kind Challenger in December 1969 and used it as his daily driver.  When Qualls wasn’t on duty riding his police Harley-Davidson, he put the HEMI to the test street racing in Detroit. Rarely bested, the traffic cop by day maintained a low profile and would seemingly disappear for months at a time between unsanctioned drag runs down Woodward or Telegraph. Due to his elusive antics, fellow Detroit street racers dubbed the sinister and mysterious Challenger the “black ghost.”

Towards the end of the ‘70s though, busy serving his country, community and family, the Challenger found rest in the family garage for over two decades. In 2016, after Godfrey Qualls’ passing, his son Gregory worked with friends and family to bring the car back to life as a tribute to his father.

“My father would be thrilled that not only is the car is in running condition but also going on the National Historic Vehicle Register” said Gregory Qualls. “One day I hope to pass it on to my son to continue to share and enjoy.”

“We believe the history of the automobile is worth saving, and the human-interest stories behind the horsepower are worth telling” said Diane Parker, Vice President of the Historic Vehicle Association.” “In addition to cultural and historical impact, these one-owner examples tell a rich family legacy.”

Full Documentary Premieres on 12/16

About the National Historic Vehicle Register

Documenting History.

The Historic Vehicle Association has developed a National Historic Vehicle Register to carefully and accurately document America’s most historically significant automobiles, motorcycles, trucks and commercial vehicles.

In March 2013, the HVA entered into a collaboration with the U.S. Department of the Interior to explore how vehicles important in American and automotive history could be effectively documented and recognized. This project is the first of its type to create a permanent archive of significant historic automobiles within the Library of Congress.

Presented in Partnership With

Join Our Mailing List for Updates

Sign up to receive updates about Cars at the Capital, the HVA and our progress as we document and add vehicles to the National Historic Vehicle Register!

Menu