1968 Ford Mustang Fastback (Bullitt – ‘559)

1968 Ford Mustang Fastback (Bullitt – ‘559)

HAER Number

TN-53

Location

Hendersonville, TN

Date(s) of Construction

January 1968

Original Owner and Use

Warner Brothers “Hero Car” for car chase scene in the 1968 movie Bullitt

Present Owner and Use

Sean Kiernan
Hendersonville, TN

Display and limited exhibition

Designer / Engineer / Builder

Ford Motor Company

Significance

The 1968 Ford Mustang Fastback (Bullitt – ‘599) is significant based on its association with an important person and event in American history and culture. Additionally, it is significant due to its largely original, unrestored state that is informative to its history as a movie car and as an automotive icon that vanished from public view and was highly sought after for almost half a century. It has the incredible combination of Hollywood royalty and decades of an honest family’s ownership and the secret that engulfed its mystery.

Description

Serial Number 8R02S125559

8          Build year 1968
R         Built at San Jose, California plant
02        Mustang 2-Door Fastback
125559            Serial number of this car scheduled at the San Diego plant
63B     Mustang décor 2-Door Fastback
R         Highland Green paint color (Ford #3067-A)
6A       Black vinyl luxury bucket seats
09A     Scheduled for build January 9, 1968
71        Los Angeles (DSO (District Sales Office)
5          3.00 conventional rear axle
5          Four-speed manual transmission

Original Equipment Features: extra cooling package, GT equipment group, optional axel ratio, wide oval white sidewall nylon tires, power disc brakes, AM radio, interior décor group, deluxe seat belts, remote control left hand mirror and heavy-duty battery.

The actual build date was January 8, 1968.  It was sold on March 11, 1968.

the above information courtesy of Ford Motor Company and Kevin Marti, Marti Auto Works.

Upon purchase, the car was prepared by Max Balchowsky for the use in the Bullitt (1968) movie with a second 1968 Mustang Fastback (VIN # 8R02S125558). These modifications included: Borg-Warner T-10 heavy- duty four-speed manual transmission, heavy- duty Borg-Warner clutch, 390 ci engine built by Balchowsky, milled heads, carburetor and distributor modification, 4:10 Positraction rear end, heavy-duty universal joints, 5-ton motor mounts, reinforced shock mounts, cross beam support bar, Helwig stabilizers front and rear, Koni shocks, heavy-duty coil springs, frame reinforcements, American Racing mag wheels, Dunlop 5:00 M-15 racing tires on the front, 5:75×10:40 15 Firestone GP Indy Tires on the rear, custom exhaust and a Shelby-type steering wheel.

All exterior Ford and Mustang badging was removed.  The Highland Green paint was scuffed to create a dull appearance.  Certain features were painted black, such as the rear gas cap.  The reverse lights were removed.

After filming the Bullitt car (‘559) was repaired and painted (Highland Green) for resale.

History

In the spring of 1968, Solar Productions began producing the film Bullitt, a visceral cops-and-mobsters flick, for Warner Brothers/Seven Arts. The movie featured one of the most iconic and influential chase scenes in film history and helped propel car and motorcycle enthusiast and actor, Steve McQueen, to further stardom.  Steve McQueen’s character, Detective Frank Bullitt drove a Highland Green mildly modified 1968 Ford Mustang Fastback on the streets of San Francisco in a heated chase with a 1968 Charger. The 9-minute and 42-second chase took weeks to film and featured massive realism with actual speeds approaching 110 mph. Driving was done by Steve McQueen himself but many of the more dangerous scenes were handled by famed motorcycle racer Bud Ekins, and stuntmen, Loren Janes and Bill Hickman. Two 1968 Mustang Fastbacks were purchased for the film with sequential VIN numbers – 8R02S125558
 and 8R02S125559. 
Mustang ‘558
was used for the destructive stunts such as the jumps and ‘559 was used primarily as the hero car for beauty shots while Steve McQueen was driving.

After filming was completed, ‘559 was repaired and repainted by Precision Auto Body in Hollywood, CA for $920.16. Shortly thereafter it was sold to Warner Brothers employee, Robert Ross. Ross registered the car in California and drove it until 1970 when he sold it to Detective Frank Marranca of New Jersey who had it shipped by rail, to the East Coast. Marranca used the car sparingly until 1974 when he sold it to purchase a Chevrolet Vega station wagon for his wife.  Robert Kiernan, also of New Jersey, purchased the Mustang from Marranca and his son Sean, tells the story as follows:

“For 44 years, our family has owned the Bullitt (1968) movie Mustang – serial number ‘559.  There were two Bullitt (1968) movie cars.  The ‘558 car was the heavily damaged “jump car” which was recently discovered in Mexico. Our ‘559 “hero car” was the vehicle that McQueen drove in many of the movie scenes.

For decades, our car has been the subject of numerous rumors, myths and dead-end searches.  These stories evolved and took on a life of their own and the car became something of a holy grail in the old car world – waiting to be rediscovered.

Today we revealed the car to the general public and it is pretty much the way my parents bought it back in 1974.  They found it in a classified ad from the October 1974 issue of Road & Track.  The ad was slightly misspelt and read: “1968 Bullett Mustang driven by McQueen in the movie. Can be documented. Best offer.”

According to the New Jersey detective selling the car, my father – Robert Kiernan – was the only person that ever called.  We’re not exactly sure how much dad paid but it was around six grand.  It was quite a bit of money back then for a used ‘68 Mustang Fastback.  In fact, it was about twice to four times the going-rate.

My mom (Robbie Kiernan) and dad were both just 26 years old.  They had been married for five years and my sister Kelly was four years old.  They lived in Madison, New Jersey about 25 miles from New York City.

Bullitt wasn’t a second car – it was their only car.  Dad took the train every day to the World Trade Center where he worked in insurance.   Mom drove Bullitt to St. Vincent’s parish where she taught third grade. The car was never modified – it has a straight exhaust and shook the pavement.  God only knows what those kids must have thought. Mom must have been pretty cool.

On weekends, it was the family car and was driven to Maine and upstate New York numerous times.  It must have been deafening.  There was no sound-proofing because it had been removed for the movie.  The trunk had a huge cut-out for a smoke machine.  When it rained, I have no idea how the luggage stayed dry.  We recently discovered the rear seatbelts hidden with Gaffer’s Tape.  I guess my sister Kelly was never buckled in. Dad installed a pair of speakers in the back that are still there.  With no air-conditioning, windows rolled down and the blaring AM radio, those Bullitt road trips in the 1970s must have been thrilling.

In 1977 my dad got a call from Steve McQueen.  Steve had tracked down the prior owner, who gave him our phone number.  McQueen wanted the car.  He was a guy that was not used to hearing the word “no.”  But my dad told him: “no thanks, we are not interested in selling.”  McQueen followed up with a letter reiterating his interest, saying he wanted the car back and offered a trade or something as long as it wasn’t “too much monies.”  Dad never answered that letter.  Bullitt was part of our family.

By the time it was parked our family had put 46,000 miles on the car.

I was born in 1981 – about the last time the Bullitt moved under its own power.  Dad was an executive and had a company car.  Mom was driving something more practical – a Plymouth Horizon – and I had a seat belt.

Dad was always a car guy but by the 1980s another passion bit him.  It was horses.  Fast cars were moved to the sideline in favor of thoroughbreds.  By the time we moved to our Kentucky farm outside of Cincinnati, we had a number of horses.  Ultimately, the farm became a full-time job for all of us.

I grew up loving horses and cars alike.  We always had something cool to drive.  Eventually I learned the story about our Bullitt Mustang.  It was a car I would come to know well.  While I’d never heard its cylinders fire, I pretended to drive it thousands of miles.  I would hop in the seat, grab the steering wheel and run through the gears. I honestly have no idea how that Hurst shifter ever survived my daily abuse.

After Steve McQueen passed, hunting for the Bullitt Mustang intensified.  While the car was decidedly not for sale, it simply became a project dad didn’t have time for.  Gradually, it became our family secret out of necessity.  Dad was now a busy executive with horse racing business interests, but he took quiet pride knowing the Bullitt was waiting in the garage.

By 1995 we moved to a house on a smaller farm near Nashville.  A few years later dad retired and started scaling back.

I took a job in automotive refinishing.  By the late 1990s my father and I started to talk about rebuilding Bullitt.  We became further inspired when, in 2001, Ford launched its first anniversary Mustang Bullitt which stirred up more talk of the whereabouts of our original car.

Dad started disassembly of the car in our modest two-car garage.  Unfortunately, we still had a farm that took most of our time.

When our father-son project finally started to gain momentum, illness struck – my father was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.  For the next couple of years, we could talk about cars, but not accomplish much.  In 2014, he passed away.  It became a father-son project we were never able to finish together.

Over the past two years, I’ve worked alone in that same garage to return Bullitt to the condition it was when it was my parent’s daily driver.  The engine was rebuilt, aging carpets were replaced, and a new steering wheel added similar to the one used in the movie.  Aside from that it is pretty much the way it was, with the evidence of our family road miles, and the gentle patina that comes from years of storage.

The paint has never been changed.  Some wish it was shinier.  It never was. In the movie, all the badges were removed and the paint was scoured with Scotch-Brite pads to make it dull.  After the movie, it received a generous application of Bondo (to hide the damage), and a single-stage respray in its signature Highland Green color.

The seats, interior, trunk space and camera mounts remain unaltered and consistent with its prior movie life. When originally prepared for resale, the antenna was returned to the right front fender and the movie rear-view mirror was replaced with a stock unit.  The Hurst shifter had been installed by the former owner and we never replaced it.

The front bumper is new and so is the front valance.  These were damaged when my grandfather backed into the car in the 1970’s.  No artificial “patina” has been added – all the new parts can be plainly identified.  The car is honest and that’s the way I wanted it.

The workmanship is all mine, as it was mine to do alone as homage to my father and the family secret I had internalized.

Over the last 18 months, several experts were brought in to see the car.  Mustang expert Kevin Marti was the first and he verified our Mustang as the ‘559 Bullitt (1968) movie car.  McKeel Hagerty was contacted, as Hagerty insures the car.

We were then connected with the Historic Vehicle Association in Washington, D.C. for guidance on preserving the car and the related artifacts. They photographed, scanned and documented the car for the National Historic Vehicle Register, in partnership with the U.S. Department of the Interior, Historic American Engineering Record.

We can all be grateful that these documents will be archived in the Library of Congress so that future generations of Americans can see the car, just as it is today.  Our family is honored that it is the twenty-first vehicle to be recorded under the program and the subject of an HVA documentary that they will release later in 2018.  I know my dad would be proud.

We contacted Ford early on, as that had been my father’s wish.  Together with the HVA, we decided the best time to reveal the car would be today to commemorate both the 50th anniversary of the year the car was produced, and the 50th anniversary of the Bullitt (1968) movie.

I am grateful to my wife Samantha and my good friends Steve Forister, Steven Whitaker, Casey Wallace and Ken Horstman, because without their encouragement and support the car would not be here today.  I’m also grateful to LKQ Corporation (where I’ve been employed for ten years) for flexibility in 2018 to tour with the car.

I thank my dad, Robert Kiernan, for the years we shared together, my sister Kelly and my mom, Robbie Kiernan. She must be the coolest third grade teacher in history, because she drove the Bullitt Mustang – our family car and a true national treasure.”

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Now

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