Concours of America 7/26-7/27
Historic Record of 1918 Cadillac Added to Library of Congress Archive
1918 Cadillac Type 57 – U.S. 1257X joins National Historic Vehicle Register
DETROIT – A 1918 Cadillac Type 57 that earned its place in history during World War I will be the
fourth vehicle added to the Historic Vehicle Association’s new National Historic Vehicle Register
and U.S. Department of the Interior Historic American Engineering Record to be archived in the
Library of Congress.
The HVA and Cadillac announced the listing today (7/23/14).
The car’s story was almost forgotten as a century passed. But the efforts of the current owner and
the HVA ensure future generations will be able to learn about it – and about Cadillac’s 100-year
history of mass producing V-8 engines.
The Cadillac touring car was used to support French and American troops near the front during the
Second Battle of the Marne and later was used by Eleanor Butler Roosevelt, wife of Theodore
Roosevelt, Jr., during her two- month mission to find and create locations for soldiers to enjoy
“The Cadillac Type 57 – U.S. 1257X is a great example of a rare survivor – a vehicle that saw
extraordinary use during its active life yet has survived to the present day,” said Richard
O’Connor, chief of Heritage Documentation Programs with the National Park Service, U.S. Department
of the Interior. “Recognizing the Cadillac military vehicle at the 100th anniversary of WWI
commemorates America’s participation in the Great War and illustrates one of the many contributions
the automobile has made to U.S. history.”
Said Marc Lassen, the vehicle’s current owner: “Having the Cadillac Type 57
– 1257X included in the permanent archives of the Library of Congress is more than I could have
ever imagined. When I first came across a used car ad describing the vehicle, I thought it might be
special, but its history had been lost to time. Researching and reuniting U.S. 1257X with its Great
War provenance has been an experience of a lifetime, and an honor.”
The Story of Cadillac Type 57 – U.S. 1257X
The Cadillac Type 57 – U.S. 1257X was purchased by the Rev. Dr. John H. Denison from Inglis M.
Uppercu, the Cadillac distributor in New York City. Denison then entered the service with the Y.M.C.A. in August 1917 and turned the car over to that organization, along with his services as a driver, to support America’s war effort.
The Type 57 seven-passenger touring car arrived in Europe before the American Expeditionary Force
under the leadership of General John J. Pershing. It was used to transport soldiers and officers
around the area, then was used by Roosevelt, who mentioned the vehicle in her 1959 autobiography.
At the end of the war, the AEF sold its motor pool equipment to France and other buyers in Europe.
However, the Cadillac was returned to the U.S. HVA researchers are still investigating how the car
was returned and more about its history in the U.S.
The HVA’s Historic Vehicle Register is an initiative launched in January 2014 to document America’s
historically significant vehicles and highlight their stories.
Additionally, the documentation of the Cadillac Type 57 – U.S. 1257X is being included in the
permanent archives of the Library of Congress based on its historic association with important
events and persons, its construction and the design value of the V-8 engine, and informational
value as the only car that retains most of its original materials, components and craftsmanship.
“U.S. 1257X may well be the only complete and largely unrestored example of a WW1 military Cadillac
known to exist,” said Mark Gessler, president of the Historic Vehicle Association. “As we approach
the 100th Anniversary of WWI, the historic significance of this particular Cadillac should be
recognized and memorialized as a national treasure.”
During the coming year, the HVA will document additional vehicles and work with the U.S. Department
of the Interior to refine guidelines and processes to eventually allow the public to document
vehicles for consideration.
The documentation process requires a fully referenced narrative and description of the vehicle,
technical drawings, historic records, a line drawing generated from a 3-D scan, detailed
photographs and film negatives for archival in the Library of Congress.
In 1914, Cadillac became the first manufacturer to mass produce V-8- powered automobiles. The
compact design of the Cadillac V-8 enabled the overall frame length to be shortened by 10 or more
inches, making the car more sturdy and easier to handle. In 1917, Cadillac participated in a U.S.
Army, 2,000-mile competitive endurance run in Marfa, Texas. From its performance, the V-8-powered
Cadillac was selected as the “standard seven- passenger car of the U.S. Army.”
A century later, the 2015 Escalade SUV continues on the brand’s V-8 heritage,
as the only Cadillac vehicle lineup with a standard V-8 engine. The 6.2L V-8 in the Escalade
produces 420 horsepower and is technologically advanced with variable valve timing, Active Fuel
Management and direct injection. A supercharged V-8 engine is also available in the Cadillac CTS-V
The all-new V-8 in the Escalade is made at the Tonawanda Engine Plant, near Buffalo, N.Y. The
facility, which opened in 1938, uses state-of-the-art manufacturing technology including coordinate
measuring machines, a smart automated cylinder head assembly system and three synchronistic robots
that performs inspections and checks simultaneously for any engine.
Cadillac has been a leading luxury auto brand since 1902. Today Cadillac is growing globally, driven by an expanding product portfolio featuring dramatic design and technology. More information on Cadillac appears at www.cadillac.com. Cadillac's media website with information, images and video can be found at media.cadillac.com.
About The Historic Vehicle Associate (HVA)
The Historic Vehicle Associate is a membership organization dedicated to promoting the cultural and
historical significance of the automobile and protecting the future of our automotive past. The HVA
was founded by Hagerty in 2009 and represents the U.S. and Canada in the Fédération Internationale des Véhicules Anciens (FIVA), an international organization to promote and guide the interests of the historic vehicle movement around the world. For more information, please visit www.historicvehicle.org.
New York Times "Now Verified, a Veteran Is Honored" [7/18/14]
Hemmings "Last Remaining World War I Cadillac to go on National Historic Vehicle Register" [7/18/14]
GM Authority "1918 Cadillac Type 57 Is A World War I Survivor" [7/21/14]
Motor'n TV "1918 Cadillac Type 57 - U.S. 1257X joins National Historic Vehicle Register" [7/24/14]
The News Wheel "1918 Cadillac Type 57 U.S. 1257X Joins Library of Congress" [7/24/14]
The Auto Channel "Historic Record of 1918 Cadillac Added to Library of Congress Archive" [7/24/14]
Motor Way America "1918 Cadillac added to Library of Congress Historic Vehicle Register" [7/25/14]
Car Scoops "1918 Cadillac Type 57 that Served in WWI Added to Library of Congress Archive" [7/25/14]
Motor Authority "1918 Cadillac Type 57 Is Now Part Of Historic Register" [7/29/14]
Sequim Gazette "A Diamond In The Rough" [7/30/14]
Bradenton Herald "Manatee High grad uncovers rare WWI vehicle called 'American treasure'" [8/4/14]
Autonet "A 1918 Cadillac With A Patriotic Past" [9/7/14]